Classification: State Endangered
NOTE: Hover over the bold words for definitions or see the Glossary.
The Carolina creekshell can be confused with the Eastern creekshell, Villosa delumbis, but the two may be distinguished by a number of characters. The periostracum is usually yellow in V. delumbis, golden brown in V. vaughaniana. V. delumbis usually has wide broken rays rather than complete rays as seen on V. vaughaniana. Finally, the marsupium of V. delumbis has a dark margin;while, it is ivory colored in V.vaughaniana.
Distribution by County: Cape Fear River Basin: Alamance Co. (Mary's Creek Subbasin); Moore Co. (Bear Creek Subbasin); Chatham Co. (Rocky River Subbasin). Pee Dee River Basin: Cabarrus Co. (Dutch Buffalo, Clark, and Back creek subbasins); Mecklenburg Co. (Goose and Mallard creek subbasins); Montgomery Co. (Uwharrie and Little river subbasins, including the following named streams: Uwharrie,Little, and W. Fork Little rivers, and Poison Fork, Barnes, Lick, Denson's, Doomas, Bridger's, and Rocky creeks); Randolph Co. (Uwharrie and Little river subbasins, including the following named streams: Uwharrie and Little rivers, and Carraway, Jackson, Toms, Second, Betty McGees, and N. Fork Hannah's creeks); Richmond Co. (Big Mountain Creek Subbasin); Union Co. (Goose, Lanes, Richardson, and Crooked creek subbasins ); Stanly County (Long, Big Bear, Stony, Little Mountain, and Mountain creek subbasins). Catawba River Basin: Mecklenburg/Union county line (Six Mile Creek Subbasin). NOTE: All headwater areas that flow into these occupied habitats should receive special management.
This species is bradytictic; fish hosts are unknown at this time.
General Life History For Mussels