North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission

Interstate Wildlife Violator Compact


The Interstate Wildlife Violator Compact (Compact) is a multi-state agreement that recognizes suspension of hunting, fishing and trapping licenses in all Compact member states. This means, any person whose license privileges or rights are suspended in a Compact state may also be suspended in all other Compact states, depending on the laws of each state.

The Compact prevents poachers who are under revocation in one state from hunting, fishing or trapping in other states. This cooperative interstate effort will enhance the N.C. Wildlife Resources Commission’s ability to protect and manage the state’s wildlife resources.

If a person with a suspended N.C. license plans to hunt, fish or trap in another state, it is their responsibility to contact the other state to verify that they can legally hunt, fish or trap there.

More Information

Your license is suspended. Now what?

  • Administrative Suspension? A license suspension becomes effective immediately upon receipt of a notice of suspension from the Director of the Wildlife Resources Commission or his representative. If you believe that your fishing, trapping and/or hunting privileges have been suspended in error, you have the right to appeal this action. You have a period of 14 business days from receipt of the suspension notice to request an administrative proceeding.  Failure to request an administrative proceeding within 14 business days of receipt of the suspension notice shall be considered a waiver of your rights to any administrative proceeding regarding the administrative action (N.C General Statute 150B-23). For information regarding an administrative proceeding, you may contact the Office of Administrative Hearings.

  • Court-ordered suspension? Court-ordered suspensions issued by a North Carolina judge cannot be overturned by the Commission.

    NOTE: Regardless of the type of suspension you have received, either administrative or court-ordered, during the suspension period you may not hunt, fish trap or attempt to engage in any activity requiring a license, permit or certificate (G.S. 113-270.1(B)). When the suspension period has been completed, you will be eligible to purchase a license.

North Carolina Statutes

Violator Compact – Chapter 113 Article 22B

Penalties and violations; Civil penalties for noncriminal infractions; Criminal penalties; Suspension and forfeiture of licenses and permits – NC G.S. 14-3.1, G.S. 113-135, G.S. 113-294

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

  1. What is the Interstate Wildlife Violator Compact (Compact)?


    The Compact assures non-resident violators receiving citations for certain wildlife violations in participating states the same treatment accorded residents who are in violation. Procedures established cause a non-resident violator who fails to comply with the terms of a citation issued in a participating state to face the possibility of the suspension of his wildlife license privileges in his home state until the terms of the citation are met. Safeguards are built into the Compact to assure that a non-resident violator is afforded all due process protection.

    In addition, the Compact provides for the reciprocal recognition of the suspension of license privileges by participating states, subject to limitations intended to provide due process protection. The reciprocal recognition of suspensions is intended to address the problems associated with the mobility of many violators.

    Finally, the Compact provides that information on convictions in participating states shall be forwarded to the home state of the violator. The home state shall treat such convictions as if they had occurred in that state for the purposes of license suspension actions.

  2. What are benefits?


    The Compact not only assures equal treatment of residents and non-residents of participating states, but also enhances the law enforcement services and deterrent value of time spent patrolling by uniformed officers.

  3. Which violations does it cover?
    1. Any misdemeanor violation which allows a violator to comply with a citation by mailing a fine payment to the issuing agency or a court, thereby admitting guilt without a formal appearance.
    2. Any violation written as a summons requiring a violator to deal directly with the court, either in person, by mail or through an attorney. 
    3. In order for a violation to be subject to these provisions, the person to whom the citation is issued must be a resident of a Compact state, other than the issuing state, at the time the citation is issued.
  4. Which violations are not covered?
    1. Any violations that mandate a personal appearance.
    2. Any petty offense or misdemeanor violation that has a jail term as a mandatory penalty.
    3. Any felony violation.
    4. Any violation that the issuing officer deems serious enough to arrest a resident violator.
    5. Any violation or situation which the laws, policies or procedures of the issuing state dictate shall be handled otherwise.
  5. What are the methods of compliance with a citation?
    1. Payment by mail or electronically (where available).
    2. Responding to the citation in person.
    3. Submission of a plea by mail or electronically (where allowed).
    4. Responding through an attorney (where allowed).
  6. What serves as evidence of compliance (in response to a notice of suspension for non-compliance)?
    1. Certificate from the court.
    2. Copy of the court judgment.
    3. The violator copy of a Notice of Compliance sent by the issuing state.

NOTE:  personal representations, check stubs, money order receipts, etc. are not acceptable.

  1. When can I get my fishing, hunting and/or trapping privileges back?


    Regardless of the type of suspension you have received, either administrative or court ordered, during the suspension period you may not hunt, fish, trap or attempt to engage in any activity requiring a license, permit or certificate issued pursuant to G.S. 113-270.1(B). When the suspension period has been completed, you will be eligible to purchase a license. 

  2. Statutory authority enabling North Carolina to join the Compact:


    NC General Statute 113-300.5

Definitions

As used in this compact, unless the context requires otherwise:

(a) "Citation" means any summons, complaint, ticket, penalty assessment or other official document issued to a person by a wildlife officer or other peace officer for a wildlife violation which contains an order requiring the person to respond.

(b) "Collateral" means any cash or other security deposited to secure an appearance for trial in connection with the issuance (by a wildlife officer or other peace officer) of a citation for a wildlife violation.

(c) "Compliance" with respect to a citation means the act of answering a citation through an appearance in a court or through the payment of fines, costs, and surcharges, if any.

(d) "Conviction" means a conviction, including any court conviction, for any offense related to the preservation, protection, management or restoration of wildlife which is prohibited by state statute, law, regulation, ordinance, or administrative rule. Such conviction shall also include the forfeiture of any bail, bond or other security deposited to secure appearance by a person charged with having committed any such offense, the payment of a penalty assessment, a plea of nolo contendere and the imposition of a deferred or suspended sentence by the court.

(e) "Court" means a court of law, including magistrate's court and the justice of the peace court.

(f) "Home state" means the state of primary residence of a person.

(g) "Issuing state" means the participating state which issues a wildlife citation to the violator.

(h) "License" means any license, permit or other public document which conveys to the person to whom it was issued the privilege of pursuing, possessing or taking any wildlife regulated by statute, law, regulation, ordinance or administrative rule of a participating state.

(i) "Licensing authority" means the department or division within each participating state which is authorized by law to issue or approve licenses or permits to hunt, fish, trap or possess wildlife.

(j) "Participating state" means any state which enacts legislation to become a member of this wildlife compact.

(k) "Personal recognizance" means an agreement by a person made at the time of issuance of the wildlife citation that such person will comply with the terms of the citation.

(l) "State" means any state, territory or possession of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Provinces of Canada and other countries.

(m) "Suspension" means any revocation, denial or withdrawal of any or all license privileges, including the privilege to apply for, purchase or exercise the benefits conferred by any license.

(n) "Terms of the citation" means the conditions and options expressly stated upon the citation.

(o) "Wildlife" means all species of animals including, but not limited to, mammals, birds, fish, reptiles, amphibians, mollusks and crustaceans, which are defined as "wildlife" and are protected or otherwise regulated by statute, law, regulation, ordinance or administrative rule in a participating state. Species included in the definition of "wildlife" vary from state to state and determination of whether a species is "wildlife" for the purposes of this compact shall be based on local law.

(p) "Wildlife law" means any statute, law, regulation, ordinance or administrative rule developed and enacted for the management of wildlife resources and the uses thereof.

(q) "Wildlife officer" means any individual authorized (by a participating state) to issue a citation for a wildlife violation.

(r) "Wildlife violation" means any cited violation of a statute, law, regulation, ordinance or administrative rule developed and enacted for the management of wildlife resources and the uses thereof.

Impact on NCWRC

  • Wildlife Enforcement Officers are able to devote more time to patrol, surveillance and apprehension of violators.
  • Public relations are improved by not having to subject as many violators to the inconveniences of immediate appearance, bonding or incarceration.
     
  • The burden on courts and jail facilities is reduced.
     
  • Entry into, and withdrawal from this Interstate Compact is voluntary. There is no additional cost associated with North Carolina’s participation in this interstate agreement.
     
  • The number of “Failure to Appear” cases is reduced because non-residents cannot ignore a citation from participating states without facing the suspension of their wildlife license privileged in their home state.

Contact Information

Major Chris Huebner
NC Wildlife Violator Compact Administrator
1717 Mail Service Center
Raleigh, NC 27699-1717
919-707-0030

Participating States - Contact Information

It is your responsibility to contact any member state where you intend to obtain or attempt to obtain any license, permit or tag to determine your eligibility to purchase that license, permit or tag, or to determine if appeal procedures are available. You may determine your eligibility by inquiring (in writing) to the specific member state at the address listed below.

STATE CONTACT INFORMATION
Alabama Department of Conservation & Natural Resources P.O. Box 301459
Montgomery, Al 36130
Alaska Department of Public Safety, Division of Wildlife Troopers 5700 East Tudor Road
Anchorage, AK 99507
Arizona Game and Fish Department, Law Enforcement Branch 2221 West Greenway Road
Phoenix, AZ  85023
Arkansas Game and Fish Commission

2 Natural Resources Drive
Little Rock, AR 72205

California Department of Fish & Game, Law Enforcement Branch 1416 Ninth Street, Suite 1326
Sacramento, CA 95814
Colorado Department of Natural Resources, Division of Wildlife 6060 Broadway
Denver, CO 80216
Connecticut Department of Energy and Environmental Protection 79 Elm Street
Hartford, CT 06106
Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission Conservation – Law Enforcement

620 South Meridian Street

Tallahassee, FL 32399
Georgia Department of Natural Resources, Wildlife Resources Division 2070 US Highway 278 Southeast
Social Circle, GA 30025
Idaho Fish & Game, Enforcement Bureau 600 South Walnut Box 25
Boise, ID 83707

Illinois Department of Natural Resources, Office of Law Enforcement

One Natural Resources Way
Springfield, IL 62702
Indiana Department of Natural Resources, Law Enforcement Division 402 West Washington Street,
Room W255D
Indianapolis, IN 46204
Iowa Department of Natural Resources, Fish & Wildlife Division, Law Enforcement Bureau, Wallace State Office Building East 9th & Grand Avenue
Des Moines, IA 50319
Kansas Department of Wildlife and Parks 512 Southeast 25th Avenue
Pratt, KS 67124
Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources #1 Game Farm Road
Frankfort, KY 40601
Louisiana Wildlife and Fisheries, Department of Law Enforcement P.O. Box 98000
Baton Rouge, LA 70898
Maine Department of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife 41 State House Station
Augusta, ME 04333
Maryland Natural Resources Police, Tawes State Office Building, E-3 580 Taylor Avenue
Annapolis, MD 21401

Michigan Department of Natural Resources, Law Enforcement Division

P.O. Box 30031
Lansing, MI 48909
Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, Law Enforcement Division 500 Lafayette Road, Box 47
St. Paul, MN 55155
Mississippi Department of Wildlife, Fisheries and Parks 1505 Eastover Drive
Jackson, MS 39211
Missouri Department of Conservation, Protection Division P. O. Box 180
Jefferson City, MO 65102
Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife & Parks, Law Enforcement Division P. O. Box 200701
Helena, MT 59620
Nevada Department of Wildlife 1100 Valley Rd
Reno, NV 89512
New Hampshire Department of Fish and Game 11 Hazen Drive
Concord, NH 03301
New Mexico Department of Game & Fish P. O. Box 25112
Santa Fe, NM 87504
New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Division of Law Enforcement 625 Broadway
Albany, NY 12233

North Dakota Game & Fish Department, Chief of Law Enforcement

100 North Bismarck Expressway
Bismarck, ND 58501
Ohio Department of Natural Resources 2045 Morse Road, Building G
Columbus, OH 43229
Oklahoma Department of Wildlife Conservation P. O. Box 53465
Oklahoma City, OK 73152
Oregon Department of Fish & Wildlife 3406 Cherry Avenue Northeast
Salem, OR 97303
Pennsylvania Fish and Boat Commission P. O. Box 67000
Harrisburg, PA 17106
Pennsylvania Game Commission 2001 Elmerton Avenue
Harrisburg, PA 17110
Rhode Island Department of Environmental Management 235 Promenade Street
Providence, RI 02908
South Carolina Department of Natural Resources P. O. Box 168
Columbia, SC 29203
South Dakota Game, Fish & Parks, Division of Wildlife 523 East Capital Avenue
Pierre, SD 57501
Tennessee Wildlife Resources Agency, Ellington Agricultural Center P. O. Box 40747
Nashville, TN 37204
Texas Parks & Wildlife 4200 Smith School Road
Austin, Texas 78744
Utah Division of Wildlife Resources P. O. Box 146301
Salt Lake City, UT 84114
Vermont Fish and Wildlife Department 103 South Main Street
Waterbury, VT 56711
Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries 4010 West Broad Street
Richmond, VA 23230
Washington Department of Fish & Wildlife, Law Enforcement Program 600 Capitol Way North
Olympia, WA 98501
West Virginia Division of Natural Resources 324 Fourth Avenue
South Charleston, WV 25303
Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources P. O. Box 7921
Madison, WI  53707
Wyoming Game & Fish Department 5400 Bishop Boulevard
Cheyenne, WY 82006

Interstate Wildlife Violator Compact Manual