North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission

Bluegill

Scientific Name: Lepomis macrochirus

Classification:  Game Fish
Abundance: Common throughout NC

Sportfish Profile (pdf)   

Species Profile  (pdf)

     

Additional Information

Commonly referred to as “brim” or “bream,” the bluegill is the most common of all the sunfishes. It is a member of the sunfish or pan fish family, which also includes the crappie and largemouth bass. Other species of sunfish sometimes mistaken for bluegills are redears, pumpkinseeds and warmouths. Because it is one of the true sunfish species that grow large enough to be acceptable to fishermen, the bluegill has introduced many people to the sport of fishing. Its size, tenacious fighting ability and voracious appetite make the bluegill a favorite of many anglers.

Bluegills are characterized by a small head and mouth and a hand- or panshaped body. The body is often an olive-green color with several broad, dark vertical bars on the side. The throat and belly are often yellowish or orange in color. The lower jaw and gill color is powder blue, hence the name “bluegill.” There is a black blotch at the base of the dorsal (top) fin. The earflap is entirely black, helping to distinguish the bluegill from other sunfish species that often have an orange or red spot on the earflap. Bluegills tend to breed with other sunfish species, resulting in hybrids with the external characteristics of both parents. In populations where hybridization occurs, identification is often difficult.Bluegill are found throughout the United States and northern Mexico. They are the most common sunfish in North Carolina and are found in all types of habitats, except high-gradient trout streams. Bluegill are most abundant in ponds and reservoirs and are found in rivers, creeks, backwaters and swamps throughout the state. They thrive in both clear and turbid waters and can tolerate slightly acidic or saline conditions.

Learn more by reading the Bluegill Species Profile.

The bluegill is a designated inland game fish.

Inland Fishing Regulations & Information

North Carolina offers some great fishing opportunities. If you are a resident or visitor to the state, please review the links below to ensure that you understand the rules, regulations and other guidelines.

The following fishing regulations are effective August 1, 2018 to July 31, 2019.

Inland Fishing

Inland Fishing Regulations
Regulatory authority between the Wildlife Resources Commission and Division of Marine Fisheries. Inland game fish regulations include Manner of Taking, Seasons and Using Trotlines and Set-hooks.

 

 

Saltwater Fishing

Fisheries Research Reports and Summaries

Black Bass

 Largemouth Bass

2018 Badin Lake Largemouth Bass Population Assessment - 2017 (PDF)

2018 An Overview of the Lake Gaston Largemouth Bass Fishery (2010-2016) (PDF)

2017 Lake Mattamuskeet Largemouth Bass Stocking Evaluation August 2017 (PDF)

2017 An Overview of the Shearon Harris Reservoir Largemouth Bass Fishery 2007-2017 (PDF)

2016 Characteristics of Recreationally Important Fish Populations of the White Oak River (PDF)

2015 Assessment of Largemouth Bass and Pumpkinseed at Lake Phelps, 2013-2014 (PDF)

2014 Survey Report on Largemouth Bass and Sunfish in Neuse, Trent, and Pungo Rivers (PDF)

2014 Chowan River Largemouth Bass Response following Hurricane Irene (PDF)

2014 Sutton Lake Largemouth Bass Survey 2010-2013 (PDF)

2014  Lake Mattamuskeet Sport Fish Survey (PDF)

2012 Sportfish populations in Little, Pasquotank, Perquimans, Scuppernong and Yeopim Rivers (PDF)

2012 Cape Fear River Black Bass Survey (PDF)

2012 Lookout Shoals Lake Largemouth Bass Assessment (PDF)

2011 Lake Lucas Largemouth Bass Assessment (PDF)

2011 Hyco Lake Largemouth Bass Assessment (PDF)

2011 Oak Hollow Lake Largemouth Bass Assessment (PDF)

2011 Status of Largemouth Bass and Pumpkinseed Populations in Lake Phelps (PDF)

2011 Sportfish populations in Northwest River and Tulls Creek (PDF) 

2011 Sutton Lake Sportfish Assessment (PDF)

2010 White Oak and New Rivers Boast Quality Sunfish Fishing Opportunities in Coastal North Carolina (PDF)

2009 Popularity Contest Winners Announced: Largemouth Bass and Striped Bass Tops Among Tar River Anglers (PDF) 

2009 Chowan River a Favorite Among Largemouth Bass Anglers (PDF)

2009 Evaluation of the Black Bass Population in Lake James, North Carolina (PDF)

2009 The Influence of Growth and Mortality on Largemouth Bass Size in Coastal Rivers (PDF) 

2009 Fish Assemblage Response Following a Hurricane-induced Fish Kill in the Lower Roanoke River, NC (PDF)

2008 Contribution Of Stocked Largemouth Bass Following Hurricane-induced Fish Kills in 2 NC Coastal Rivers (PDF)

2008 Largemouth Bass Assessment at B. Everett Jordan Reservoir, 2008 (PDF)

2007 Assessment of Largemouth Bass at Falls of the Neuse Reservoir, 2007 (PDF)

2006 Lake Norman Fisheries Sampling and Assessment (PDF)

2006 Trophy Largemouth Bass Management at Lake Phelps (PDF)

2003 Potential Value of Neuse River Recreational Fishery Tops $4,000,000 a Year (PDF) 

 

 

Smallmouth Bass

2012 Smallmouth Bass in Western North Carolina Rivers and Streams (PDF) 

2009 Evaluation of the Black Bass Population in Lake James, North Carolina (PDF) 

Catfish

loading...

Crappie

loading...

Perch

loading...

Shad

loading...

Sunfish

loading...

Temperate Bass

loading...

Trout

loading...

Walleye

loading...