White-tailed Deer

Scientific Name: Odocoileus virginianus
Classification: Game Species
Abundance: Common throughout state



Additional White-tailed Deer Information


No wild animal in North Carolina is as recognizable as the white-tailed deer. Whether a mature buck with splendid antlers, a graceful doe or a spotted fawn running with its mother, the white-tailed deer is one of the most popular of animals.

A deer’s coat is usually a tannish brown, or some shade of brown, ranging almost to gray. It usually has a white patch on its neck and large prominent ears. Its eyes are circled with white and a white band rings the muzzle. The belly is white, with white running down the inside of the legs. The tail, about 9 to 11 inches long, is mostly brown although the underside is all white. The hooves have two toes covered with a hard fingernail-like material, and another toe, called the dew claw, appears about 3 inches high on the back of each leg.

Bucks, or male deer, grow and shed their antlers each year. Antlers range in size from little spikes that protrude from the skin, to larger “racks” that branch out to a variable number of points.

The white-tailed deer is a herbivorous animal. It will eat many green-leaved succulent plants and the tender new growths of stems and fruits. One of their most important food sources is acorns. White-tailed deer also forage on a variety of agricultural crops. Deer are so adaptable that they are found in almost any type of habitat. They like creek and river bottoms, oak ridges, pine forests, farmlands or any other type of habitat that offers food, water and cover.

North Carolina’s population of white-tailed deer is estimated at around 1 million animals. The state had a growing population of white-tailed deer until either-sex seasons were liberalized in the early 1990s. This liberalization of either-sex seasons across most areas of the state allowed for increased opportunity for sportsmen/women to harvest antlerless deer. The population trend of our state’s deer herd quickly stabilized and has actually started to decrease for most areas of the state. However, there are areas throughout the state where localized populations continue to increase. Those areas where populations are rapidly increasing are typically urban/suburban areas where the utilization of hunting as a management tool has been greatly hindered.

It is estimated that only 10,000 deer inhabited the state in 1900. North Carolina's major efforts to restore our state's deer resource took place in the 1940s through the 1970s. Our state's restoration program was responsible for stocking approximately 4,000 deer throughout the state.

The cost of our state's white-tailed deer restoration program has been conservatively estimated at $1.2 million (in 1950-1970 dollars). Today, North Carolina sportsmen/women spend approximately $311 million on deer-related hunting expenses every year.

More people hunt white-tailed deer than any other game species in North Carolina. Each year approximately 250,000 sportsmen/women take more than 2.9 million trips afield in pursuit of deer.

Seasons & Limits


You can also call 800-I-GOT-ONE (800-446-8663) to report your harvest.

Review a list of your previous harvests with authorization numbers.  You can also print a personalized harvest certificate for display.

View live county, regional or statewide harvest totals and trends for deer, bear or turkey. 


Seasons & Limits


Black Bear

2019- 2020 Seasons

Black Bear Seasons & Limits Bear Season Maps

White-tail Deer

2019-2020 Seasons

White-tail Deer Seasons & Limits

Deer Zones Maps

Wild Turkey

2018-2019 Seasons

2019-2020 Seasons

Wild Turkey Seasons & Limits Statewide Season

Deer Season Frameworks Evaluation

Distribution and Peak Rut Maps

Harvest Reports


*LIVE Current Season Reported Harvest Totals*


Reported Deer Harvest Summaries

By County

By Game Land

By Urban Archery

By Use of Dog

By Weapon Type



























































Hunter Harvest Survey Estimates

2013-2017 Deer Hunting and Harvest Estimate Maps

1949-2016 Deer Hunter and Harvest Trends

NOTE: All files are in PDF format. You will need Adobe Reader® to read reports.
If you don't have Reader, use this link to get the latest version.

Deer Cooperator Programs


(DMAP) Deer Management Assistance Program


The North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission’s (NCWRC) Deer Management Assistance Program (DMAP) was created to assist clubs in reaching their deer management and harvest goals through collection of biological data and issuance of antlered and/or antlerless tags.  Participating clubs must meet certain criteria to apply for DMAP, and deer harvested with program deer tags do not apply to seasonal bag limits.  In return, it is agreed that the club will collect predetermined data to assist the local wildlife biologist in making management decisions regarding the club’s deer herd and harvest.
Whatever your management objectives are, DMAP provides both flexibility and professional assistance to develop an effective deer management strategy.  Benefits of the program include:

  • Professional assistance from a North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission biologist
  • A structured data collection program to better evaluate the condition of your herd, to make science-based management decisions, and to track the long-term success of your program
  • Tags that that do not count towards season bag limits and are valid during any open deer season, regardless of the either-sex season in your county.


Application Requirements:

Applications can be obtained from the North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission’s deer web page (www.ncwildlife.org/deer) or by calling 919-707-0050.  Prior to submitting applications, contact your District Biologist to discuss your deer management objectives, harvest history, herd status, and property details.

The following are general application requirements and instructions:

  • A $50.00 processing fee must accompany each application.
  • The minimum acreage requirement is 500 contiguous acres for properties in the Western and Northwestern Deer Season Zones, and 1,000 contiguous acres for properties in the Central, Northeastern, and Southeastern Deer Season Zones.  Multiple landowners with adjoining properties can apply together to meet this requirement.
  • New applicants must submit an 8½” x 11” map illustrating the location of the property.  A map does not have to be submitted for renewal applications, unless there has been a change in the property enrolled.
  • Applications must be received by August 1.


Program Guidelines:

Deer harvested on enrolled properties must be tagged with provided DMAP tags or be validated with the hunter’s big game harvest report card.  DMAP tags can be used at any time during any open deer season, and do not count towards season bag limits.

  • All harvests must be registered with the NC Wildlife Resources Commission.
  • Biological data must be collected from each deer harvested.  Data to be collected include sex, weight, harvest authorization #, harvest date, and antler measurements. 
  • A jawbone must be removed from each harvested deer for age determination.  Datasheets and jawbones will be transferred to the assisting biologist at the end of the hunting season.


Related Links



(CDMAP) Community Deer Management Assistance Program

The Community Deer Management Assistance Program (CDMAP) is a voluntary program administered by the Wildlife Resources Commission.  The primary objective of CDMAP is to reduce or maintain deer numbers in residential or other highly-developed areas to minimize human-deer conflicts while preserving or improving herd health.  To help communities accomplish this, CDMAP provides additional opportunity for licensed hunters to harvest deer on enrolled properties with landowner permission. 


Related Links


Deer Hunter Observation Survey

If you would like to participate in the annual Deer Hunter Observation Survey, please use the following form.  


Deer Hunter Observation Survey Results, 2014-2017 (pdf)

Deer Hunter Observation Survey Results (Short Summary), 2014-2017 (pdf)

Deer Jawbone Submission

If you would like to participate in the annual Deer Jawbone Submission program, please complete the following enrollment form.  Volunteers will be mailed two Tyvek business-reply, postage paid envelopes prior to each hunting season.   Each jawbone should be dried before being sealed into the envelope.


Jawbones should be submitted from does and bucks of all ages, not just large deer or trophies.  


Biologists will estimate the age of each jawbone based on tooth replacement and tooth wear patterns.  The goal of this program is to estimate the age structure of the harvest.  Participants will receive a report with the estimated ages of their deer


Submission Options

Deer Heads Wanted

The N.C. Wildlife Resources Commission tests deer for Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD) every year. Although CWD has not been found in North Carolina since testing began in 1999, these efforts are vital to locating an outbreak early and preventing its spread. To help us in these efforts, we are asking hunters to donate their deer heads for testing. Hunters may remove antlers/skull plates prior to drop-off and heads must have at least 4-5 inches of neck attached and an intact jawbone. Heads can be frozen or refrigerated prior to drop off if not immediately submitted after hunt.

Heads may be submitted at the following cooperating deer processing facilities in District 5.

Have a Problem?

The primary objective of CDMAP is to reduce or maintain deer numbers in residential or other highly-developed areas to minimize human-deer conflicts while preserving or improving herd health.


Species Profile