North Carolina Species

Mammals

 

A class of warm-blooded animals with fur or hair on their bodies. Mammals are vertebrates. The young are born live and feed on milk from their mothers.

ImageSpeciesSorted By Species In Ascending OrderScientific NameState ClassificationAdditional Information
ImageArmadillo, Nine-banded Dasypus novemcinctusNonGameMore Information
ImageBatChiropteraEndangered

Fact sheet  (low resolution)

Fact sheet (high resolution)

North Carolina’s White-nose Syndrome Surveillance and Response Plan  (PDF, 2 MB)

ImageBear, BlackUrsus americanusBig GameMore Information 
ImageBeaverCastor canadensisFurbearer

More Information 

 

ImageBobcat Lynx rufusGame & FurbearerMore Information 
ImageCougar, Eastern Felis concolorExtinctProfile 
ImageCoyoteCanis latransNonGameMore Information 
ImageDeer, White-tailed Odocoileus virginianusBig GameMore Information 
ImageFeral SwineSus scrofaNonGameMore Information
ImageFox, Gray Urocyon cinereoargenteusGame & FurbearerMore Information 
ImageFox, Red Vulpes vulpesGame & FurbearerMore Information 
ImageGroundhog Marmota monaxNonGame

Profile 

Range Map (PDF)

ImageMink

Mustela vision

Furbearer

Profile 

Range Map (PDF) 

ImageMuskratOndatra zibethicusFurbearer

Profile 

Range Map (PDF) 

ImageNutriaMyocastor coypusNonGame

Trapping Seasons for Nutria

Range Map (PDF) 

ImageOpossum, Virginia Didelphis virginianaGame & FurbearerProfile 
ImageOtter, River Lontra canadensisFurbearer

Profile 

Range Map (PDF) 

ImageRaccoonProcyon lotorGame & FurbearerMore Information 
ImageSkunk, Spotted  Spilogale putoriusFurbearerRange Map (PDF)
ImageSkunk, Striped  Mephitis mephitisFurbearer

Profile 

Range Map (PDF)

ImageSquirrel, Carolina Northern FlyingGlaucomys sabrinus coloratusEndangered

Profile 

Fact sheet (low resolution)

Fact sheet (high resolution)
ImageSquirrel, FoxSciurus nigerGame

Profile

2013-14 Harvest Survey of North Carolina Hunters (PDF 28 KB)
ImageSquirrel, Southern Flying Glaucomys volansNonGame

Profile 

ImageWeasel, Long-tailed Mustela frenataFurbearerRange Map (PDF)
ImageWolf, Red Canis rufusEndangeredMore Information 

Fish

 

A class of vertebrate animals that breathe with gills and swim with fins. Fish can survive only in the water. Many fish are covered in scales.
ImageSpeciesSorted By Species In Ascending OrderScientific NameClassificationAdditional Information
ImageAmerican ShadAlosa sapidissimaGame FishAmerican Shad Information 
ImageAtlantic Sturgeon

Acipenser oxyrinchus

Nongame FishProfile (PDF)
ImageBlack Crappie
Pomoxis nigromaculatusGame FishBlack Crappie Information 
ImageBlue CatfishIctalurus furcatusNongame FishBlue Catfish Information
ImageBluegillLepomis macrochirusGame FishBluegill Information 
ImageBodie Bass (hybrid striped bass)Morone saxatilis x Morone chrysopsGame FishBodie Bass Information
ImageBowfinAmia calvaNongame FishBowfin Information
ImageBrook TroutSalvelinus fontinalisGame FishBrook Trout Information 
ImageBrown TroutSalmo truttaGame FishBrown Trout Information
ImageBullhead CatfishAmeiurus speciesNongame FishBullhead Catfish Information
ImageCape Fear ShinerNotropis mekistocholasEndangeredCape Fear Shiner Information
ImageCarolina Madtom

Noturus furiosus

Nongame Fish

Carolina Madtom Information

ImageCarolina Redhorse

Moxostoma sp. ‘Carolina’

ThreatenedCarolina Redhorse Information
ImageChain PickerelEsox nigerGame FishChain Pickerel Information
ImageChannel CatfishIctalurus punctatusNongame FishChannel Catfish Information
ImageCommon CarpCyprinus carpioNongame FishCommon Carp Information
ImageFlathead CatfishPylodictis olivarisNongame FishFlathead Catfish Information
ImageGolden Topminnow

Fundulus chrysotus

Nongame FishGolden Topminnow Information
ImageGreen SunfishLepomis cyanellusGame FishGreen Sunfish Information
ImageHickory ShadAlosa mediocrisGame FishHickory Shad Information
ImageLargemouth BassMicropterus salmoidesGame FishLargemouth Bass Information 
ImageMuskellungeEsox masquinongyGame FishMuskellunge Information
ImagePirate Perch

Aphredoderus sayanus

Nongame FishPirate Perch Information
ImagePumpkinseedLepomis gibbosusGame FishPumpkinseed Information
ImageRainbow TroutOncorhyncus mykissGame FishRainbow Trout Information
ImageRedbreast SunfishLepomis auritusGame FishRedbreast Sunfish Information
ImageRedear SunfishLepomis microlophusGame FishRedear Sunfish Information
ImageRoanoke BassAmbloplites cavifronsGame FishRoanoke Bass Information
ImageRoanoke HogsuckerHypentelium roanokenseNongame FishRoanoke Hogsucker Information 
ImageRoanoke LogperchPercina rexEndangeredRoanoke Logperch Information
ImageRobust Redhorse

Moxostoma robustum

Endangered

Robust Redhorse Information 

Fact sheet (low resolution)

Fact sheet (high resolution) 

ImageRock BassAmbloplites rupestrisGame FishRock Bass Information
ImageSea LampreyPetromyzon marinusNongame FishSea Lamprey Information
ImageSicklefin RedhorseMoxostoma sp.                ThreatenedSicklefin Redhorse Information
ImageSmallmouth BassMicropterus dolomieuGame FishSmallmouth Bass Information
ImageSpotfin ChubErimonax monachusThreatenedSpotfin Chub Information
ImageSpotted BassMicropterus punctulatusGame FishSpotted Bass Information
ImageStriped BassMorone saxatilisGame FishStriped Bass Information 
ImageTangerine Darter

Percina aurantiaca

Nongame FishTangerine Darter Information 
 Waccamaw SilversideMenidia extensaThreatenedWaccamaw Silverside Information
ImageWalleyeSander vitreusGame FishWalleye Information 
ImageWarmouthLepomis gulosusGame FishWarmouth Information
ImageWhite BassMorone chrysopsGame FishWhite Bass Information
ImageWhite CatfishAmeiurus catusNongame FishWhite Catfish Information
ImageWhite CrappiePomoxis annularisGame FishWhite Crappie Information 
ImageWhite PerchMorone americanaGame FishWhite Perch Information
ImageYellow PerchPerca flavescensGame FishYellow Perch Information

Birds

 

A class of warm-blooded, egg-laying vertebrates. Birds are covered in feathers, have wings and a beak. Many birds are able to fly.
ImageSpeciesSorted By Species In Ascending OrderScientific NameState ClassificationAdditional Information
ImageBald EagleHaliaeetus leucocephalusNonGameFact sheet (low resolution)

Fact sheet (high resolution)
ImageBobwhite quail, Northern

Colinus virginianus

Game Species

Additional Information

ImageColonial WaterbirdsN/ANonGameFact sheet. (low resolution)

Fact sheet. (high resolution)
ImageDove, MourningZenaida macrouraGame SpeciesAdditional Information

ImageDuck, BlackAnas rubripesGame Species

Profile 

ImageDuck, CanvasbackAythya valisineriaGame Species

Profile 

ImageDuck, MallardAnas platyrhynchosGame Species

Profile 

Sandy Mush Game Land Birding Check List (PDF) 

ImageEgret, SnowyEgretta thulaNonGame

Profile 

Sandy Mush Game Land Birding Check List (PDF) 

ImageGoose, CanadaBranta canadensisGame SpeciesAdditional Information

 

ImageGrouse, RuffedBonasa umbeliusGame SpeciesAdditional Information
ImageHawk, Red ShoulderButeo lineatusNonGame

Profile 

Sandy Mush Game Land Birding Check List (PDF) 

ImageNeotropical Migratory LandbirdsN/ANonGameFact sheet (low resolution)

Fact sheet (high resolution)
ImageOspreyPandion haliaetusNonGame

Profile 

Sandy Mush Game Land Birding Check List (PDF) 

ImageOwl, Great HornedBubo virginianusNonGame

Profile 

Sandy Mush Game Land Birding Check List (PDF) 

ImagePeregrine FalconFalco peregrinusNonGame

Additional Information

Fact sheet (low resolution)

Fact sheet (high resolution) 

ImagePintail, NorthernAnas acutaGame SpeciesAdditional Information
ImageRail, ClapperRallus longirostrisGame SpeciesAdditional Information
ImageSwan, TundraCygnus columbianusGame SpeciesAdditional Information
ImageTurkey, WildMeleagris gallopavoBig GameAdditional Information 
ImageWaterfowl in North CarolinaN/AGame SpeciesAdditional Information
ImageWigeon, AmericanAnas americanaGame SpeciesAdditional Information
ImageWoodcock, AmericanScolopax minorGame SpeciesAdditional information
ImageWoodpecker, red-cockadedPicoides borealisEndangeredAdditional Information

Reptiles

 

A class of cold-blooded animals including snakes, lizards, alligators and turtles. Reptiles have dry, scaly skin and many lay soft-shelled eggs.
ImageSpeciesScientific NameClassificationAdditional Information
Image Snake, Corn

Elaphe guttata

NonGame

Profile 

Inviting Reptiles and Amphibians to Your Backyard (PDF) 

ImageSnake, CottonmouthAgkistrodon piscivorusNonGameProfile 
ImageTerrapin, DiamondbackMalaclemys terrapinNonGameProfile 
ImageTurtle, BogGlyptemys muhlenbergiiThreatened

Fact sheet (low resolution)

Fact sheet (high resolution)

ImageTurtle, Eastern BoxTerrapene carolina carolinNonGame

Profile 

The Eastern Box Turtle: A Priority Species (YouTube Video)

Inviting Reptiles and Amphibians to Your Backyard (PDF)
ImageTurtle, SeaChelonioideaEndangered

Fact sheet (low resolution)

Fact sheet (high resolution)

Amphibians

 

A class of animals including frogs, salamanders and caecilians. Amphibians are cold-blooded vertebrates that undergo metamorphosis and require moist areas and/or aquatic environments at some stage of development.
ImageSpeciesScientific NameClassificationAdditional Information
ImageEastern HellbenderCrypto­branchus a.alleganiensisNonGameDownload Eastern Hellbender Fact Sheet (PDF)
ImageGreen SalamanderAneides aeneusNonGameFact sheet (low resolution)

Fact sheet (high resolution)
Image Southern Leopard Frog

Rana sphenocephala

NonGameProfile 

Crustaceans

 

An invertebrate animal with a hard exoskeleton and at least five pairs of jointed legs on the thorax. Crabs, lobsters, shrimp and crayfish are all crustaceans.

 

ImageScientific NameSorted By Scientific Name In Ascending OrderSpeciesClassificationAdditional Information
Cambarus (C.) bartoniiAppalachian Brook CrayfishNongame Fish - CrustaceanAdditional Information

Species Profile (PDF)

Cambarus (C.) davidiCarolina Ladle CrayfishNongame Fish - CrustaceanAdditional Information
Cambarus (C.) eeseeohensisGrandfather Mountain CrayfishNongame Fish - CrustaceanAdditional Information
Cambarus (C.) lenatiBroad River Stream CrayfishNongame Fish - CrustaceanAdditional Information
Cambarus (C.) sp. AChattahoochee CrayfishNongame Fish - CrustaceanAdditional Information
Cambarus (D.) catagius Greensboro Burrowing CrayfishSpecial ConcernAdditional Information
Cambarus (D.) latimanus No common nameNongame Fish - CrustaceanAdditional Information
Cambarus (D.) reduncus Sickle CrayfishNongame Fish - Crustacean    Additional Information
Cambarus (H.) chasmodactylusNew River CrayfishNongame Fish - CrustaceanAdditional Information
Cambarus (H.) longirostrisLongnose Crayfish Nongame Fish - CrustaceanAdditional Information
Cambarus (H.) longulus Atlantic Slope CrayfishNongame Fish - CrustaceanAdditional Information
Cambarus (J.) asperimanusMitten CrayfishNongame Fish - CrustaceanAdditional Information

Cambarus (J.) carolinusRed Burrowing CrayfishNongame Fish - CrustaceanAdditional Information
Cambarus (J.) dubiusUpland Burrowing Crayfish Nongame Fish - CrustaceanAdditional Information

Cambarus (J.) nodosusKnotty Burrowing CrayfishNongame Fish - CrustaceanAdditional Information
Cambarus (J.) tuckasegeeTuckasegee Stream CrayfishNongame Fish - CrustaceanAdditional Information
Cambarus (L.) diogenesDevil CrayfishNongame Fish - CrustaceanAdditional Information
Cambarus (P.) aldermanorumCarolina Needlenose CrayfishNongame Fish - CrustaceanAdditional Information
Cambarus (P.) brimleyorumValley River CrayfishNongame Fish - CrustaceanAdditional Information
Cambarus (P.) chaugaensisChauga CrayfishSpecial ConcernAdditional Information
Cambarus (P.) georgiaeLittle Tennessee River CrayfishSpecial ConcernAdditional Information
Cambarus (P.) hiwasseensisHiwassee CrayfishNongame Fish - CrustaceanAdditional Information
Cambarus (P.) hobbsorumRocky River CrayfishNongame Fish - CrustaceanAdditional Information
Cambarus (P.) johniCarolina Foothills CrayfishNongame Fish - CrustaceanAdditional Information
Cambarus (P.) parrishiHiwassee Headwaters CrayfishSpecial ConcernAdditional Information
Cambarus (P.) reburrusFrench Broad CrayfishNongame Fish - CrustaceanAdditional Information
Cambarus (P.) robustusBig River CrayfishNongame Fish - CrustaceanAdditional Information
Cambarus (P.) sp. CNo common nameNongame Fish - CrustaceanAdditional Information
Cambarus (P.) spicatusBroad River Spiny CrayfishSpecial ConcernAdditional Information

Cambarus (T.) acanthuraSpinytail CrayfishNongame Fish - CrustaceanAdditional Information
Fallicambarus (C.) fodiensDigger CrayfishNongame Fish - CrustaceanAdditional Information

Credit: TWRA-Carl Williams 

Orconectes (C.) erichsonianusReticulate CrayfishNongame Fish - CrustaceanAdditional Information
Orconectes (C.) virginiensisChowanoke CrayfishSpecial ConcernAdditional Information
Orconectes (G.) virilisVirile CrayfishNon-nativeAdditional Information
Orconectes (P.) carolinensisNorth Carolina Spiny CrayfishSpecial ConcernAdditional Information
Orconectes (P.) cristavariusSpiny Stream CrayfishNongame Fish - CrustaceanAdditional Information

Credit: TWRA-Carl Williams 

Orconectes (P.) forcepsSurgeon CrayfishNongame Fish - CrustaceanAdditional Information
Orconectes (P.) rusticusRusty CrayfishNon-nativeAdditional Information

Orconectes (P.) spinosusTennessee River Spiny CrayfishNongame Fish - CrustaceanAdditional Information
Procambarus (O.) acutusWhite River CrayfishNongame Fish - CrustaceanAdditional Information
Procambarus (O.) ancylusEdisto CrayfishNongame Fish - CrustaceanAdditional Information
Procambarus (O.) blandingiiSantee CrayfishNongame Fish - CrustaceanAdditional Information
Procambarus (O.) braswelliWaccamaw CrayfishSpecial ConcernAdditional Information
Procambarus (O.) medialisPamlico CrayfishNongame Fish - CrustaceanAdditional Information
Procambarus (O.) pearseiSandhills CrayfishNongame Fish - CrustaceanAdditional Information
Procambarus (O.) plumimanusCroatan CrayfishNongame Fish - CrustaceanAdditional Information
Procambarus (S.) clarkiiRed Swamp CrayfishNon-nativeAdditional Information

Mollusks

 


Mollusks are a group that includes snails, slugs, and mussels. They are invertebrate animals with soft, unsegmented bodies. Most have hard, external shells.

Management Recommendations 


Mussels

North Carolina is home to more than 60 species of freshwater mussels. Unfortunately, 50% of these species are designated Endangered, Threatened, or Special Concern within the state. The Nongame and Endangered Wildlife Program strives to prevent species from becoming endangered through maintaining viable, self-sustaining populations of native wildlife, with an emphasis on species in decline. Public education is a major component of this effort. The following list provide detailed information about North Carolina's freshwater mussel species.

Note: When you see an example like (Conrad, 1834), this indicates the namer of the species and date of the description with that species name.

SpeciesSorted By Species In Ascending OrderScientific NameClassificationAdditional Information
Alewife FloaterAnodonta implicataState ThreatenedAdditional Information
Appalachian ElktoeAlasmidonta ravenelianaFederal and State EndangeredAdditional Information
Atlantic PigtoeFusconaia masoniState EndangeredAdditional Information
Barrel FloaterAnodonta couperianaState EndangeredAdditional Information
Brook Floater Alasmidonta varicosaState EndangeredAdditional Information
Cape Fear SpikeElliptio marsupiobesaState Special ConcernAdditional Information
Carolina CreekshellVillosa vaughanianaState EndangeredAdditional Information
Carolina FatmucketLampsilis radiata conspicuaState ThreatenedAdditional Information
Carolina HeelsplitterLasmigona decorataFederal and State EndangeredAdditional Information
CreeperStrophitus undulatusState ThreatenedAdditional Information
Cumberland Bean PearlymusselVillosa trabalisState ExtirpatedAdditional Information
Cumberland MoccasinshellMedionidus conradicusState ExtirpatedAdditional Information
Dwarf WedgemusselAlasmidonta heterodonFederal and State EndangeredAdditional Information
Eastern CreekshellVillosa delumbisState EndangeredAdditional Information
Eastern LampmusselLampsilis radiata radiataState ThreatenedAdditional Information
Eastern PondmusselLigumia nasutaState ThreatenedAdditional Information
Green FloaterLasmigona subviridisState EndangeredAdditional Information
KidneyshellPtychobranchus fasciolarisState ExtirpatedAdditional Information
Littlewing PearlymusselPegias fabulaFederal and State EndangeredAdditional Information
Mountain CreekshellVillosa vanuxemensisState ThreatenedAdditional Information
Notched RainbowVillosa constrictaState Special ConcernAdditional Information
Oyster MusselEpioblasma capsaeformisState ExtirpatedAdditional Information
PheasantshellActinonaias pectorosaState ExtirpatedAdditional Information
PimplebackQuadrula pustulosaState ExtirpatedAdditional Information
PistolgripTritogonia verrucosaState ExtirpatedAdditional Information
Pod LanceElliptio folliculataState Special ConcernAdditional Information
Purple LilliputToxolasma lividusState ExtirpatedAdditional Information
Purple WartybackCyclonaias tuberculataState EndangeredAdditional Information
RainbowVillosa irisState Special ConcernAdditional Information
Roanoke SlabshellElliptio roanokensisState ThreatenedAdditional Information
Savannah LilliputToxolasma pullusState EndangeredAdditional Information
Slippershell MusselAlasmidonta viridisState EndangeredAdditional Information
SpikeElliptio dilatata State Special ConcernAdditional Information
Tar River SpinymusselElliptio steinstansanaFederal and State EndangeredAdditional Information
Tennessee HeelsplitterLasmigona holstoniaState EndangeredAdditional Information
Tennessee PigtoeFusconaia barnesianaState EndangeredAdditional Information
Tidewater MucketLeptodea ochraceaState ThreatenedAdditional Information
Triangle FloaterAlasmidonta undulataState ThreatenedAdditional Information
Wabash PigtoeFusconaia flavaState ExtirpatedAdditional Information
Waccamaw FatmucketLampsilis fullerkatiState ThreatenedAdditional Information
Waccamaw SpikeElliptio waccamawensisState ThreatenedAdditional Information
Wavyrayed LampmusselLampsilis fasciolaState Special ConcernAdditional Information
Yellow LampmusselLampsilis cariosaState EndangeredAdditional Information
Yellow LanceElliptio lanceolataState EndangeredAdditional Information